|Tanzania has one of the largest wild animal populations in
the world. To see all of Tanzania’s attractions in one visit
would be impossible.
A few of Tanzania's must see attractions are Zanzibar, Mt
Kilimanjaro National Park, Serengeti National Park and
Ngorongoro Conservation Area.
Dar es Salaam is Tanzania's premier city and trading
centre. Here you will see the colourful Kariakoo Market and
clock tower, the government quarters to the north, the
National Museum and the Botanical Gardens in the city centre,
the Village Museum, which is located 10km from the city centre
and Oyster Bay is the city's nearest beach.
Zanzibar, otherwise known as Unguja or Spice Island, is
located off Tanzania's East Coast. It has a strong Persian and
Arab flavour. Zanzibar's Stone Town is absolutely fascinating
with its maze of winding streets lined with whitewashed
coral-rag houses with brilliantly carved brass-studded doors.
There are also many little shops, bazaars, mosques and
courtyards. You will also see two sultans' palaces and
cathedrals, not to mention some ancient colonial mansions.
Around the island you can find such things as the ruined
Maruhhubi Palace, the Mangapwani Caves and various spice and
fruit plantations at the island's heart.
Mt Kilimanjaro National Park is one of Africa’s most
spectacular sights. An enormous 5895m perfectly shaped
volcano, it's the highest peak on the continent. From
cultivated farmlands on the lower levels, the mountain rises
through lush rainforest to alpine meadow and finally across an
infertile lunar landscape to the twin summits. The rainforest
is home to many animals including elephant, buffalo, rhino,
leopard and monkey.
Serengeti National Park is Tanzania's most famous game
park. Here you are able to catch a glimpse of what much of
East Africa must have looked like before hunters. On these
seemingly endless and almost treeless Serengeti plains are
millions of animals. They are always on the move in search of
grassland and are watched and preyed upon by their predators.
It's probably one of the most incredible sights you will ever
encounter. Serengeti is also famous for its lion, cheetah and
Ngorongoro Conservation Area houses the 600m tall
Ngorongoro Crater, where you can see spectacular views. On
Ngorongoro’s 20km wide floor you are able to see endless
amounts of wildlife, including lions, elephants, rhinos,
buffalos, gazelle, zebra and reedbuck, as well as thousands of
flamingo wading in the Lake Magadi, the soda lake on the floor
of the crater. Local Masai tribespeople have grazing rights
here, and you may well come across them tending their cattle.
Tanzania has over 100 different tribal groups, most of
which are of Bantu origin. The major non-Bantu people on the
mainland are the Masai, who inhabit the north-eastern section
of the country.
Swahili and English are the official languages. There are
also many local African tongues, reflecting the tribal
diversity of the country. Outside the cities and towns, far
fewer local people speak English.
The two main religions are Christianity and Islam, with
Hindus making up about a quarter of the population. There are
still many tribes who follow neither of the big-name religions
and instead worship the ancient spirit of their choice.
Tanzanian music and dance dominates East Africa. It is
strong in rhythm and famous for the hard-hitting lyrics. The
Swahili-based sounds are kept alive by a thriving dance-band
The most popular meal is nyama choma, which is barbecued
meat. However, on the coast and in Zanzibar and Pemba islands,
there is a huge range of traditional Swahili dishes, which are
based on seafood. The national beer is Safari Lager and the
local liquor is konyagi, a white-rum style drink.
Tanzania has two non-charter airlines, Air Tanzania and
Precision Air, operating domestic flights. There are two train
lines in Tanzania, that link Dar es Salaam with various
destinations. You may also wish to travel by Bus, they travel
throughout the day only, as they are not permitted to travel
at night. You can rent a car at one of the agencies in Dar es
Salaam, for most trips you will need a 4WD. There are also
ferries that operate on Lake Victoria, Lake Tanganyika, Lake
Nyasa and along the coast if you don’t want to travel by road.
All visitors require a visa except citizens of some
Commonwealth countries (Canada and the UK excepted),
Scandinavian countries, the Republic of Ireland, Rwanda and
Sudan. For these nationalities, a free visitor's pass, valid
for one to three months, can be picked up at the point of
entry. You will need proof of yellow fever vaccination if
travelling to Zanzibar from the mainland.